DISTRICT COURT OF SINDH-Jamshoro

GLIMPSES OF DISTRICT JAMSHORO

Jamshoro

Jamshoro is a newly established district of Sindh Province, it came into existence in 2005. The district is administratively subdivided into the following talukas;

  1. Kotri
  2. Sehwan
  3. ThanoBula Khan
  4. Majhand

The jurisdiction of jamshoro is upto peer shakh taluka sehwan & last main town is Bhan Saeedabad. The boundaries of jamshoro form Kotri meet with Hyderbad, Thatta & matiari Distt.. from Manjhand Jamshoro boundaries meet with NawabShah. Form sehwan side the boundaries meet with Thano Bullah Khan & the boundaries meet with Balouchistan & Karachi.

Interestingly, Jamshoro is virtually the gate-way to the Indus Valley, now world famous for its civilization and rich cultural heritage. The Arnica Fort is located 40 km. to the north of the campus, in the northward continuation of the same hilly track which become Laki Ranges, merging with the Khirthars northwards. Amri, an important archeological site, lies about 15 kms. further north. Sehwan, a well known township lies 25 km. to the north of Amri. Mancher Lake the largest fresh water lake in the region, is situated to the west north west of Sehwan. Travelling about 150 kames. north through the Indus plains brings one to the site of Moen-jo-Daro, the most important archeological discovery of the valley.

1. KOTRI

Kotri, a large town, (25°22' north latitude, 68°22' east longitudes) is the headquarters station of the Kotri Taluka, or administrative district.[1] It is situated on the right bank of the Indus (in Sindh, Pakistan) and since 1900 has been connected with Gudu Bander on the other side of the river by an iron bridge replacing the Steam ferry which used to ply between these two places.

The river Indus was an important artery of communication between Karachi and Jhirk Near Kotri Sindh , was an important river port, the Indus Flotilla used large quantities of firewood and it was kept to fuel steamboats. Hassan Ali Effendi kept account of the incoming and outgoing wood and Steam boats.

The town originally was within the Jagir of Mallick Sardar Khan, forefather of Mallick Asad Sikandar Khan,the then District Nazim of Jamshoro

The town has excellent road communication to Karachi. There are two routes – one by Thano Bula Khan, and the other via Jhirk, Thatta, Gharo and Landhi. A road also goes to Band Virah, a distance of 39 kilometers.

The city boasts an excellent railway and road network, a courtesy of its neighbor, Hyderabad on the other side of the river. Soon, Kotri stood out as a major terminus for the city of Karachi allocating trainful of passengers from the Kotri Railway Station. It also serves as a starting point for the River Steamers for Sukkur and Multan

Large industries are located in Kotri, As there are 150 to 200 smaller to biggest mills are located in Kotri.

MEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF ENGENEERING AND TECHNOLOGY JAMSHORO

The Education Policy of 1972 provided for up-gradation of the Sindh University Engineering College to the level of a University of Engineering and Technology. Accordingly, the college was first declared as an additional campus of the University of Sindh headed by a Pro-Vice-Chancellor in July 1976 and later upgraded to the level of a fully fledged independent University on 1st March, 1977 through an ordinance issued by the Government of Sindh. The ordinance was later converted into an Act of the Provincial Assembly of Sindh Province. The new University was named as "Mehran University of Engineering and Technology". Initially, the Additional Campus as well the Mehran University was established in the City of Nawabshah, necessitating shifting of the most of the infrastructure from Jamshoro. However, in 1979, the Act of the University was amended and the seat of the University was retained at Jamshoro, while a constituent College titled ' Mehran University College of Engineering and Technology' was maintained at Nawabshah, to cater for the needs of the engineering education of upper Sindh. Mehran University College of Engineering and Technology, Nawasbshah, has also become an independent University in 1996, which has been renamed as 'Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering Sciences and Technology'. Consequently, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology now exists only at Jamshoro, having territorial jurisdiction over the Hyderabad and Mirpurkahs Divisions of Sindh Province. Nevertheless, few seats are still reserved for the candidates coming from other divisions of Sindh

SINDH UNIVERSITY OF JAMSHORO

Jamshoro, the site of largest University residential campus in the country, situated about 18 kames. from Hyderabad on the right bank of River Indus, was a rather desolate hilly track until 1955 when it was selected for the establishment of Sindh University Campus. The site was selected to be a University township away from the humdrum of Hyderabad city which lacked room to meet the ambitious expansion programs of the University.

Progress, over the years about 20 teaching blocks, housing 39 institutes departments and centers have been constructed. Five halls of students residence provide accommodation for about 1800 students. A beautiful pavilion-the Hyder Bux Jatoi Pavilion has been constructed to provide indoor games facility, track for athletics and sports grounds. Fatima Jinnah Gymnasium provides games and sports facility exclusively for girls.

The Institute of Sindhiology building, depicting the cultural heritage of Sindh, adores the entrance to the campus from the Highway. The imposing central library building, named after Late Allama I. I.Kazi, the first Vice-chancellor of the University at Hyderabad, who conceptualized this campus, serves as a land mark even from a distance.The campus itself has been named as Allama I.I. Kazi Campus as a tribute to the great scholar and visionary.

LIAQAT UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL HEALTH AND SCEINCES

  • Started as a Medical School in 1881.
  • Raised to the status of a Medical College in 1942.
  • Named as Liaquat Medical College in 1951.
  • Foundation Stone of Jamshoro Campus laid down in 1954.
  • Shifting to Jamshoro Campus completed in 1963.
  • Beginning of Postgraduate Courses in 1963.
  • Dental Section & BDS Course added in 1963.
  • Atomic Energy Medical Center established in 1965.
  • Eye Hospital at Hyderabad started functioning in 1967.
  • Sir C. J. Institute of Psychiatry Hyderabad established in 1967.
  • New indoor building complex constructed at LMCH Hyderabad in 1972.
  • Regional Office of PMRC established in 1980.
  • Dewan Mushtaque Coronary Care Unit established at Hyderabad in 1982.
  • Establishment of Cancer Ward at Jamshoro in 1988.
  • Raised to the status of Postgraduate Institute in 1989.
  • Audio-visual Library added in 1989.
  • Computer Section established in 1989.
  • Regional Office of CPSP established in 1991.
  • New blocks for Urology, Haemodialysis, Cardiology and Paediatrics indoor patients constructed at Hyderabad in 1992.
  • Department of Medical Education established in 1995.
  • Teaching Aid Laboratory established in 1995.
  • ICU at City Branch started in 1998.

2. Sehwan Sharif

Sehwan (aka: Sehwan Sharif) is a city located in Jamshoro District in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Sehwan town is of great antiquity and stands on the west bank of the Indus, 80 miles (130 km) north-west of Hyderabad (which is on the east bank). It is possible that the name Sehwan originates from "Siwistan" or "Seevistan", the kingdom of Raja Dahir which even extended to Punjab under the name "Shivi".[1] It was significant enough during the 8th century to be conquered by Muhammad bin Qasim in 711 CE, and two centuries later by Mahmud of Ghazni. An abortive attempt was made by the Mughal emperor Humayun to capture it on his way to Umarkot but it finally fell to his son Akbar

Apart from the ruins scattered about its environs, the city is known for its Sufi patron saint Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar who lived here in 13th century CE. The famous mausoleum of Hazrat Shahbaz Qalandar attracts hundreds of thousands of faithful every year.

Another famous place is the inverted city beside the Dargah of Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalander, which may be the Debal Bandar of Raja Dahir. Manchar Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Pakistan, is a short distance from Sehwan Sharif.

Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar

(1177–1274) a Persian (Tajik) Sufi saint, philosopher, poet, and qalandar. Born Syed Usman Shah Marwandi,[1] he belonged to the Suhrawardiyya order of Sufis. He preached religious tolerance among Muslims and Hindus. Thousands of pilgrims visit his shrine every year, especially at the occasion of his Urs.

Shahbaz Qalandar (Shaikh Usman Marwandi) was born in Marwand, Afghanistan[2] to a dervish, Syed Ibrahim Kabiruddin[3] whose ancestors migrated from Baghdad and settled down in Mashhad, a center of learning and civilization, before migrating again to Marwand.

His dedication to the knowledge of various religious disciplines enabled him to eventually become a profound scholar. During his lifetime, he witnessed the Ghaznavid and Ghurids rules in South Asia.[5] He became fluent in many languages including Persian, Turkish, Arabic, Sindhi and Sanskrit. His mysticism attracted people from all religions. He was called Lal (red) after his usual red attire, Shahbaz due to his noble and divine spirit, and Qalandar for his Sufi affilitation. Hindus regarded him as the incarnation of Bhrithari. Lal Shahbaz lived a

Shrine

The shrine around his tomb, built in 1356, gives a dazzling look with its Sindhi kashi tiles, mirror work and one gold-plated door - donated by the late Shah of Iran, and installed by the late Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.[2] The inner sanctum is about 100 yards square with the silver canopied grave in the middle. On one side of the marble floor is a row of about 12-inch-high (300 mm) folding wooden stands on which are set copies of Quran for devotees to read. On the other side, beside a bundle of burning agarbattis (joss sticks), are rows of diyas (small oil lamps) lighted by devotees.

RANIKOT FORT

It is located in the Kirthar Range, about 30 km southwest of Sann, in Jamshoro District, Sindh, Pakistan. It is approximately 90 km north of Hyderabad.

Ranikot is the most talismanic wonder of Sindh. Visible from five kilometers away its massive undulating walls twist and dip over the hills. With the circumference of about twenty kilometers, its walls, built with dressed sandstone and reinforced with 45 bastions along the outer wall, of which 7 are rectangular and the remaining are round. All modified through the ages to accommodate the use of gunpowder, this perhaps makes it the largest fort in the world. A mountainous ridge, Karo Takkar(Black Hill), running north to south, forms its western boundary and the 'Lundi Hills' forms its eastern boundary. Mohan Nai, a rain-stream enters the fort from its rarely used western 'Mohan Gate', where it is guarded by a small fortification, changes its name to 'Reni' or 'Rani Nai' or rain-stream and gives the fort its name. Ranikot is thus the 'fort of a rain stream' - Rani. It runs through it, tumbles in a series of turquoise pools to irrigate fields and leaves the fort from its most used 'Sann Gate' on the eastern side. It then travels about 33 kilometers more to enter the Lion River - Indus.

HISTORY

The original purpose and architects of Ranikot Fort are unknown. Some archaeologists attribute it to Arabs, or possibly built by a Persian noble under the Abbasids by Imran Bin Musa Barmaki who was the Governor of Sindh in 836 CE. Others have suggested a much earlier period of construction attributing to at times the Sassanians Persians and at times to the Greeks. Archaeologists point to 17th century CE as its time of first construction but now Sindh archaeologists agree that some of the present structure was reconstructed by Mir Karam Ali Khan Talpur and his brother Mir Murad Ali in 1812 CE at a cost of 1.2 million rupees (Sindh Gazetteer, 677).

Current Inhabitants

Currently, only the Gabol Baloch tribe occupies the area within Ranikot. The area has become a virtual village for the Gabol's over the past century who earn their livelihood by offering tours to many of the visitors, as well as by small scale farming [3]. Today, the Gabol tribe chief Nabil Gabol is trying to attract the Sindh government's funds to develop the area into an international tourist site.

Kirthar National Park

Kirthar National Park is Pakistan's second biggest National Park (Hingol National Park being the biggest now). It is also the first National Park from Pakistan to be included in the 1975 United Nation's list of National Parks around the world. Kirthar is an area of outstanding beauty and cultural heritage which provides important habitat for a variety of mammals, birds and reptiles’ characteristic of the arid subtropics Approximately one third of the park lies in the north of Karachi district and two thirds in the south-west of Dadu district.

The park is part of a 447,161ha protected areas complex, being contiguous with Mahal Kohistan Wildlife Sanctuary (70,577ha) to the south and Hab Dam Wildlife Sanctuary (27,219ha) to the south-west. Surjan, Sumbak, Eri and Hothiano Game Reserve (40,632ha) lie just to the east of the park. There are two tourist centers in the Park managed by Sind Wildlife Management Board, namely Khar and Karchat. The centres offer cottage and dormitory accommodation and guides are available. There are some 671km of unmetalled roads within the park, most of which are negotiable only by four-wheel drive vehicle.

3. ThanoBula Khan

Thano Bula Khan is geographically located at latitude (25.37 degrees) 25° 22' 12" North of the Equator and longitude (67.83 degrees) 67° 49' 47" East of the Prime Meridian on the Map of the world.

Thano bullah khan is also an industrial area as nearly about 100 to 150 mills are situated in Nooriabad.The locations related to Thano Bula Khan (Sind) are represented by the shortest path a radio wave would travel and may not be nearest by road. For example, Thano Bula Khan (Sind) is located 52.2 kilometer from Kotri (Sind). Thano Bula Khan (Sind) is located 59.5 kilometer from Hyderabad, Pakistan: Hyderabad Airport [HDD]. Thano Bula Khan (Sind) is located 59.6 kilometer from Hyderabad. Thano Bula Khan (Sind) is located 60 kilometer from Hyderabad (Sind). Thano Bula Khan (Sind) is located 69.5 kilometer from Theta (Sindh)

Geographical Information for Thano Bula Khan
  1. Place name: Thano Bula Khan
  2. Latitude: 25° 22' 17" N
  3. Longitude: 67° 52' 39" E
  4. Feature description: town
  5. Area/state: Sindh
  6. Population range of place: is between 5000 and 10,000
  7. Country: Pakistan
  8. Country ISO code: PK

MANCHAR LAKE

Lake Manchar (Sindhi: منڇر ڍنڍ ) is the largest freshwater lake in Pakistan and one of Asia's largest. It is located west of the Indus River, in Dadu District, (Jamshoro)Sindh. The area of the lake fluctuates with the seasons from as little as 350 km² to as much as 520 km². The lake collects water from numerous small streams in the Kirthar Mountains and empties into the Indus River. The lake was created in the 1930s when the Sukkur Barrage was constructed on the river Indus. The lake is fed by two canals, the Aral and the Danister from the river Indus. Until recently the lake supported thousands of fisher folk, near village Kit Lashari Bobak railway station, who depended on the freshwater fish they caught in the lake. However, the lake is now undergoing environmental degradation resulting

In the water becoming saline and killing off the fish and forcing the fisher folk to look elsewhere for employment. The lake was a stop-off on the Indus flyway for Siberian migratory birds, but recently the numbers have fallen from 25,000 birds counted in 1988 to just 2,800 bird counted in 2002, because the lake no longer provides the birds' main food, the lake fish. In the place of the birds, the lake now hosts a saline water reed. The lake also provided large volumes of water for irrigation but this has also been reduced and has resulted in a great reduction in the area irrigated by the lake.

Note:The entire information is based on internet sources, primarily form Google,& Wikipedia, hence for any query or flaw the compiler will not be responsible.

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